Plant Leaf Vein and Outline Feature Extraction using Fractal and Computer Vision Approaches

  • Nadia Tabassum
Keywords: Fractal Dimensions, SVM, Fusion Feature, Texture Feature of Leaf, Classification


The study focuses on utilizing plant leaf characteristics for plant identification and disease detection. Leaves are pivotal for gathering information about plants. Leveraging computer vision and smart agricultural technologies, the proposed model discerns venation and texture features in various plant leaves. This research utilized a modified dataset derived from the Flavia leaf image dataset, comprising images of 32 different plant species. The dataset was divided into two subsets (one with 1907 images and another with 1000 images) to differentiate between tuned and untuned image processing. Techniques such as GLCM, LBP, Gabor filters, Fractal Dimension, and box counting were employed to extract leaf texture features, including venation patterns. The study conducted four experiments with training and testing splits of 70/30 and 80/20. A novel method combining SVM with fractal dimension analysis was benchmarked against six classifiers (Random Forest, KNN, DNN, Naïve Bayes, Decision Tree, and SVM), achieving an impressive accuracy of 88% and a Fractal Dimension of 1.8709. This research holds significant potential for advancing digital and modern agriculture, particularly in the early detection of plant diseases and accurate plant identification.

How to Cite
Tabassum, N. (2024). Plant Leaf Vein and Outline Feature Extraction using Fractal and Computer Vision Approaches. Lahore Garrison University Research Journal of Computer Science and Information Technology, 8(1).