The Prospects of Computer-Enabled Voting Systems in Pakistan
Democracy is the power vested in people to choose and elect their representatives. However, the
process of election and voting is prone to rigging leading to undeserving people leading a nation
which further causes mistrust and agitation amongst the people. Various methods have been
proposed and implemented towards free and fair elections. In this survey we list and discuss
different methods proposed and adopted for voting. These include the techniques which were
introduced in past and can be implied in future, the techniques by which voting system can be
made more secure are, the remote voting, internet/online voting, a RFID tags, a fingerprint
technology and IOT for updating, two languages the extensible markup language and another
one is the extensible style language are used to design a unique content and cannot be copied.
Other technology like electronic voting machine with battery can be useful in rural areas where
internet is not available and last one is the blockchain technology by which the voter can cast
their vote in no time, and can have trust on that as this technology is end-to-end encrypted, here
data can be saved in sealing blocks. All this work is to find a better way to make the voting
system more reliable and trustable for the future. In the end we discuss the efficacy of these
systems in current infrastructure and requirements of Pakistan.